Lydia Armstrong Gilliland (Gillilan)

Lydia Armstrong, is my sixth great grandmother and a member of one of the best known families in Augusta County Virginia. Lydia was born October 17, 1755 and died on July 23, 1817. She married James Gilliland (my sixth great grandfather) who was a Revolutionary War Soldier born in Augusta County, Virginia. Marriage: Abt. 1781, Greenbrier Co., West Virginia

James started out as a private but was promoted to Lieutenant. He was granted a pension of $78.22 per annum on February 5, 1834.

You can find more information on James Gilliland here:

Partriot James Gilliland

James and Lydia Armstrong Gilliland had six sons: Robert, James, Nathan, William, Samuel, and George. They also had six daughters: Jane, Sarah, Elizabeth, Nancy, Lydia and Mary Polly.

After Lydia died in 1817, James Gilliland married James Edmiston’s widow Jane Smith Edmiston. Jane was the mother of Andrew Edmiston. Andrew Edmiston was married to James Gilliland’s daughter, Mary Polly Gilliland which means that James Gilliland was Andrew Edmiston’s father in law and Step-father.

Mary Polly Gilliland (daughter of James and Lydia Armstrong Gilliland) b. 4 July 1790 and Andrew Edmiston (son of James and Jane Smith Edmiston) b. 22 July 1777 were married on 8 January 1807.

Compiled by: Cindie Harper

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My 7th Great Grandmother Sarah Dyer Armstrong

Sarah Dyer Armstrong was born in 1720 and married James Armstrong in 1748. James died in 1759. Sarah died on the 31 January 1787 in Flagg Springs, Augusta County, Virginia, United States.

I found a probate record for my seventh great grandmother Sarah Dyer Armstrong. It was listed in Augusta County Virginia 07 October 1759 in Virginia, Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850. This probate record was originally published in “Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800. Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County” by Lyman Chalkley. Sarah was listed as the Executrix for her husband James Armstrong’s noncupative will – “Wife, Sarah (pregnant); daughters, Liddy and Jean. Executors, wife Sarah and Brother Robt. Armstrong. Proved by witnesses and executors qualified.” Book WB2-341, Prove date: 21 November 1759.

Executors, wife Sarah and brother Robert Armstrong, Teste: Thomas Lloyd, Samuel Archer. Proved, 21st November, 1759 by witnesses, and executors qualified, with Sampson Archer, James Bell. Vol.1. Book VI, p. 319; 21 Nov 1759, “Sarah relict of James Armstrong, summoned to show cause against James’ nuncupative will.” Chalkey’s Page 350. 18 March 1760. James Armstrong’s appraisement, by John Finley, Sampson Archer, James Hogshead, Andrew Foster. 

Vol. 1, p. 156: February 17, 1762: Robert Armstrong is appointed guardian of Lydia, James, and Jane Armstrong, orphans of James Armstrong- Chalkey’s

Sarah was pregnant with James Jr. when his father James died in 1759. His sisters are Lydia Armstrong (who is my sixth great grandmother who married my sixth great grandfather, Revolutionary War Patriot James Gilliland) and Jane/Jean.

Lydia moved to Greenbrier County, Virginia (now West Virginia) with their uncle Robert Armstrong when her father James died.  

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James Armstrong is buried in the Geeding-Keller Cemetery which is located on the farm of Dr. James Knopp, behind Green Hill Cemetery, on Route 836 near Churchville. Overgrown with trees and some brush.

Inscription on the tombstone reads as follows:

Armstrong, James                           d  6 Oct 1759
Here lies the body of James Armstrong departed this life in the
28th year of his life, October the 6th 1759.

By: Cindie Harper, Researcher and Contributor

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